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Jardin des Plantes - Paris 5th


Place Mouffetard

Jardin des Plantes

Arènes de Lutèce

Mosquée de Paris

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The garden was created following the completion of the work of XVIth century botanists. In 1577 the apothecary Nicolas Houel founded the Maison de la Charité Chrétienne (House of Christian Charity) with a "garden of simple plants", the first botanical gardens in Paris. By 1624 over one thousand species were cultivated here.

In 1626 Louis XIII, at the instigation of his physician Héroard and his apothecary Guy de la Brosse, founded the "jardin de plantes médicinales" (Medicinal Plant Garden) which then became the "jardin du Roi" (the King's Garden). It was opened to the public for the first time in 1640. Its rapid growth under Louis XIV was due to the findings from colonial expeditions and their subsequent research. As a result, Fagon, physician to Louis XIV and the garden's superintendent, commissioned hothouses and a 600-seat amphitheatre where chemistry was taught. Following this Tournefort, the Jussieu brothers, Buffon, Daubenton and Verniquet all made successive contributions to expanding the garden giving it more or less the appearance it has today

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